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Modular Permissions

In the full implementation of the Colony protocol, decision making will be determined by the reputation score of an account. Actions that are currently permissioned, such as moving shared funds and creating a task, will be allowed proportionate to an account's reputation score. This functionality is planned for later releases.

In the current glider release, network state changes are authorized by dedicated "authority" contracts e.g. ColonyAuthority.sol. These are based on the DSRoles implementation from dappsys. Functions decorated with the auth and authDomain modifiers will perform an authorization check via the authority contracts before granting access. In future releases, this pattern will also allow us to switch to a reputation-mediated authority in colonies.

Roles are defined within ColonyRole struct and grant permission to call certain functions within a specific domain of the colony. These are initialized in ColonyAuthority.sol. An account may be given one or more of the available pre-defined roles:

  • Administration
  • Funding
  • Architecture
  • Arbitration
  • Root (only exists in the top-level domain)

Note: Currently, the existing auth modifier is preserved and checks for permissions in the root domain.

Note: Currently Arbitration role grants permission for no functions. It is a placeholder for the dispute resolution system, to be implemented in later releases.

Domain permission transitivity

Note: Domains are currently restricted to one level below the root domain. This restriction will be removed after release.

Domain permissions extend from the root domain. Permissions held in a domain are held in all child sub-domains, but not in parent domains.

As an example, consider this tree of domains in a colony (using domainIds as identifiers):

/ | \
2 4 6
/ \
3 5

Authority in domain 2 to call a permissioned function is valid in domains 3 and 5, but not 6. Authority in domain 1 to call a permissioned function is valid in all subdomains.

Using permissioned functions

Permissioned functions check two arguments, which are by convention the first and second ones expected in all permissioned functions:

_permissionDomainId: The domain that gives the caller the authority to execute an action _childSkillIndex: an index that specifies where to find the domain in which the action occurs.

New domains are given a unique skillId upon creation, so a colony with the following domain structure

/ | \
2 4 6
/ \
3 5

might have local skillIds assigned as:

/ | \
147 254 696
/ \
159 307

In this example,

  • Skill 142 has children: [147, 159, 254, 307, 696]
  • Skill 147 has children: [159, 307]
  • Skill 254 has children: []

If a user with "Admininstration" authority in domain 2 wants to finalize a payment in domain 5, they would call:

colony.finalizePayment(2, 1, _paymentId);

The authDomain modifier performs the following checks:

  • Whether msg.sender has the "Administration" or "Root" permission in domain 2
  • Whether the domain of action (in this case domain 5) is indeed a child of the permission domain 2, by checking that the second item in the childSkillIndex matches the local skill associated with the domain, whatever that may be.

Note: Functions authorized by the "Architecture" role check to see that the domain is strictly a child of the permission domain exclusively (not the permission domain itself).

Within ColonyAuthority.sol you will see this role implemented as bothArchitecture and ArchitectureSubdomain roles. This is in order to prohibit an architect from modifying the domain in which the role was given (which would allow them to, for example, remove their co-architect's role). Architects may alter permissions in sub-domains only.